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SEETAC Project results

The 3-years' long SEETAC Project activities carried out in different working packages (WPs) produced very relevant  conclusions.

Thank to its representative and committed partners, the project reached its goals and gained the interest of the most relevant stakeholders in the transport and infrastructure field throughout Europe. During its lifetime, the SEETAC exercise developed in constant coordination with the European Commission and it is now ready to go beyond its limited duration, guaranteeing that the SEETAC network and its intense cooperation will last over the years.

The SEETAC conclusions are summarized in the next paragraphs : the main conceptual elements of the work done are presented together a brief description of the primary result objectives defined at the beginning of the Project.


Working Package 3 - Database Management System

WP Leader : the Austrian Federal Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology, Department international networks and principles of infrastructure planning

Technical Responsible Partner : Central European Initiative

Contributing partners : the Ministries of Transport of Albania, Austria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia, the South East Europe Transport Observatory (SEETO)

External Contribution : DG MOVE - European Commission

The main objective of this Work Package 3 was the assessment of necessary data on Pan-European Corridor (PEC) infrastructures and the harmonization of the existing database in order to make available a common information system for all PECs in close cooperation with EUROSTAT and national statistic and sector offices.

Main Results

  1. Assessment, filing in and translation of existing data on national/regional transport plans, legislation, traffic, relevant multi-modal infrastructure and priority projects, economy, demography, etc.. Recommendations to harmonize the national database systems in coordination with EUROSTAT/DG TEN-T/EU Transport Agencies.
  2. Preparation of recommendations for the harmonization of national transport database systems and the establishment of a joint database management system for the South Eastern European Transport Axis Cooperation (SEETAC) in coordination with national statistic agencies / EUROSTAT/EC DG TEN-T/EC Transport Agency.
  3. Elaboration of a specific software for joint database, updating and scenario definition in coordination with the EC Management and Information System (i.e. project SFC 2007 - Electronic Data Exchange): the database will be constantly updated and published in an intranet section of the SEETAC website.
  4. Cooperation with the National Statistic Agencies and Authorities, EUROSTAT, DG TEN-T and EU Transport Agencies. Interface with the EC management and information system and bilateral/multilateral exchange of information and practices through electronic data exchange.

Activities' Description

wp3-activitiesThe overall process of the work package led to the inclusion of the following activities:

Definition of the network: The definition of the network was the first important step in WP3: The network considered had to be relevant for the connection of NUTS-3 regions of South East Europe. Hence the network is concentrated on main transport arteries. Whilst for EU Member States the TEN-T Network was the main basis the network can rely on, the SEETO core network was the main orientation for selecting the network for non-member states.

Selection of relevant variables to be collected: In close cooperation with other WPs the variables to be collected were defined. All information that is relevant for different projects' tasks had to be connected in concentrated surveys.

Definitions concerning the variables: In order to reach comparable results some key definitions and categories were defined for each variable. These were summarised in the questionnaire- document that was

sent to the relevant partners and institutions in the SEE countries. For each country the structure of the network was prefilled in the questionnaires to ease data integration into the common data base.

Data Collection: The data collection was carried out in each participating country by the responsible Ministry

of Transport. This turned out to be the most important part of this activities. Updated data have been collected in all SEETAC Countries, validated by the competent Ministries and confronted with the TEN TEC

portal of the European Commission and with the largest number of possible existing multinational data sources, such as EUROSTAT, SEETO etc..

Data processing and development of a data base was carried out by the LP in strict co-operation with the Ministerial departments which provided coherence and access to the TEN TEC's dynamic data collection.


Working Package 4 - Sustainable, multi-modal traffic scenarios

WP Leader : Slovene Ministry of Infrastructure and Spatial Planning

Technical Responsible Partner : EURAC research

Contributing Partners : LP, Ministry of Environment of Italy, SEETO, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Transport Ministries

The main objective of this Work Package 4 was the development of sustainable, multi-modal traffic scenario in the SEE and related monitoring.

wp4Main Results

  1. Assessment of the existing parameters of the infrastructure in the region and comparison with the  standards defined by the agreements of UNECE (AGC, ADR, AGTC, ADN, TER, TEM, etc.) and by the EU legislation (Directives, guidelines and technical specifications);
  2. Improvement of corridors' benefits for the regions;
  3. Analysis of the SEA (South East Axis) guidelines for corridors and of EIA (Environmental Indicators Analysis) guidelines of priority projects adopted by different member countries (with particular regard to cross-border transport infrastructures) and identification of the best practices;
  4. Analysis of the existing national monitoring systems of SEE Member Countries in order to prepare yearly reports on traffic, environmental and economic data as well as on the activities of the management bodies for the whole South East Axis and related Pan-European Corridors.

Activities' Description

200The South East European transport model has been finalised giving the whole area a comprehensive and consolidated outlook of international traffic and at the same time providing relevant scientific-based information for the 2020 EU strategy. This will provide decision-makers with an important tool to take efficient and coordinated policy options in order to integrate the Western Balkan network into the EU systems and reinforce the EU Ten-T policy in a genuine corridor's approach.

Taking into account the information assessed during the implementation of the extensive data collection, the analysis were completed and elaborated and an environmental traffic model has been elaborated in order to provide a clear picture after the economic and financial crisis and to assess the investment policy of the SEETAC countries in relation to the traffic scenario in 2020 and 2030.

Important actions have been carried out to achieve this result:

STEP 1 - Analysis and building of current SEA have been set-up by the simulation of demand, supply and main performance (traffic flows allocation, average speed, level of services, etc.) of transport systems (all modes),

STEP 2 - Outlook on mobility demand in relationship to future scenarios on the basis of ground development, socio-economic trends and new Ten-T network set-up (all modes, with an integrated vision and functional concept),

STEP 3 - Definition of flows and critical factors in the context of future scenarios by analyzing the level of service (road and rail network),

STEP 4 - Evaluation of traffic emissions in the context of future scenarios, compared to the current set-up (delta emissions for defined pollutants and CO2).

Analysis/Selection of the data collected and Elaboration of traffic models and transport scenarios, taking into account the recent economic crisis. Comparison of data collected with standards defined by the UNECE agreements (AGC, ADR, AGTC, ADN, TER, TEM).

The values of transport efficiency were monitored, applied to the transport system in the SEA with special attention to the road, rail and waterway systems; analysis were made on standards of the transport system effectiveness in the SEA, with special attention to the road, rail and waterway systems; and this all brought to the development of future scenarios characterized by the traffic demand rate, that foresee new infrastructure set-up, to estimate the improvements from the efficiency, with a specific modelling simulation.

Analysis of the impact of the economic and traffics scenarios on environment. The evaluation was focused on the environmental problems and possible solutions were identified, through modelling and elaboration of multi-modal platform scenarios for 2020-2030 considering road, rail, river and maritime dimension.

Assessment of Environmental Strategies/Planning on the basis of Spatial Plans of SEE Countries. Environmental recommendations were provided by taking into account environmental impact analysis generated by traffic flows in the SEA, with comparison between current and future set-up.

Elaboration of SEA and EIA Guidelines, to boost a new planning for infrastructure development and to develop EC environmental standards.




Working Package 5 - Financial Plan focused on selected pilot projects

WP Leader and Technical Coordinator : Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Contributing partners : LP, SEETO, Transport Ministries

The WP5 main objective was to compose a Financial Plan focused on selected priority/ pilot projects which are identified through the analysis of the SEETAC database management system and taking into consideration the outputs of traffic and environmental models produced by the WP4.

The Financial Plan, accompanied with 12 fiches dedicated to the priority projects for further promotion for financing, were integrated in the final project deliverables, in the framework of WP6, and specifically in the Spatial Planning/ Transport Operative Strategy, which will be presented to Ministers of Transport of the SEE.

Activities' Description

The Financial Plan for the selected priority projects was defined after the evaluation of the results of the previous technical WPs through the preparation of the SEE Mobility Report and the exploration of the financial instruments in place for the implementation of transport projects inside and outside the EU with the preparation of the Financial Instruments'  Report. In this aspect, the activities undertaken are:

Reporting on the development of the mobility in SEE, comprising the assessment of the existing situation of supply (Figures 1 and 2) and demand (Figure 3) on the major Transport Corridors in the region, and the incorporation of the outcomes of the forecast exercise for the mid and long term horizons evaluating the impact of selected priority projects for the improvement of the transport infrastructure in the region (Figure 4).

Reporting on the financing opportunities and potential financial recourses (in particular EC and IFIs). Includes a) the procedures and guidelines of each potential financier, categorized per type of intervention that is eligible for financing, for the implementation of transport projects and b) review of the financial status of ongoing and pending projects in the SEE countries. Organisation of the SEE Infrastructure Forum, dedicated to investments coordination (Athens, 22 May 2012).

Preparation of project fiches, for the identified multi-modal priority projects of trans-national importance and with positive impact on the growth of the area, providing the necessary information and justification for financing promotion.

Composition of the SEETAC Financial Plan, with recommendations for the completion of the SEE transport networks and contribution to the finalisation of the South Eastern Transport Axis Strategy.




Working Package 6 - SEE Spatial Planning & Transport Axis Strategy

WP Leader and Technical Coordinator : the South East Europe Transport Observatory - SEETO

Contributing Partners : All Partners

The main objective of Work Package 6 was the development of the Spatial Plan and Transport Operative Strategy for the South East Europe.

Main results

  1. Identification of South Eastern Transport Axis priority projects in agreement with all SEETAC Ministerial Partners.
  2. Legislative analysis about the establishment of an European Grouping for Territorial Cooperation (EGTC) for the transport sector among the eligible countries, including all PEC Steering Committees' members aiming at facilitating the development of the transport infrastructures in SEE.
  3. Finalisation of the Spatial Plan / Transport Operative Strategy to integrate PEC crossing SEE, e.g. Corridors IV, V, VII, VIII, IX, X. This Strategy will aim at the extension of the SEETO Action Plan to entire SEE and its integration with the national priorities in an enlarged SEETAC perspective.
  4. Drafting the agreements to: (1) regulate the SEETAC framework activities; (2) establish an EGTC to implement the SEETAC Strategy in a regional perspective, coherently with the recent Transport Treaty for Balkan Region promoted by EC; and (3) promote multi-modality and support the development of tools and systems for the facilitation of multi-modal platforms.

Activities' Description

On the basis of the results from the other WPs, used as inputs by WP6, a comprehensive Spatial Plan and Transport Operative Strategy was developed, which comprises multimodal traffic scenarios, investment requirements and possibilities for advanced transport cooperation.

The Strategy endorses the vision and strategic goals of SEETAC:

SEETAC vision

Contributing to the economic and social cohesion of the South East Europe by creating efficient and well structured transnational transport cooperation, leading to full integration of the TEN-T Network and inclusion in the global logistical transport flows, thus providing sustainable transport growth.

SEETAC strategic main goals

  • Promoting institutional cooperation and administrative capacity building in transport sector as well as common transport policy measures to improve institutional cooperation and best practice exchange to ensure high return of investments in transport infrastructure.
  • Development and completion of TEN-T Comprehensive Network in South East Europe according to the appropriate technical standards and establishment of an efficient transport system which will facilitate full integration of the region into the EU transport system.
  • Attracting global freight flows by improving SEETAC area sea ports` capacity and transport services together with developing strong and efficient hinterland connections to Central and Southern Europe (especially railway and barge connections) and inland multimodal terminals.
  • Establishment of the South East Europe as a regional logistical distribution centre for the movement of freight from the Far and Middle East, the Mediterranean Basin, Caucasus and Turkey to the Central, Western and Eastern Europe.
  • Improvement of South East Europe international connections by concentrating on cross border projects and elimination of cross border bottlenecks and non-physical barriers.
  • Facilitation of freight and passenger transport by promoting intermodality and establishing harmonised standards for transport documents, security and services, together with enhanced development of integrated electronic data interchange (EDI) information system and modern traffic management system.

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